Biological control of the mosquito: An analysis of the impediments and possibilities
Author(s): Gargi Singh, Suresh Kumar, Devendra Kumar and GV Mishra
Abstract: Biological control of mosquito is an eco-friendly approach for the control of some vector borne diseases. Numerous tools have been developed and applied to scale down the mosquito population, but the ultimate goal of these different strategies is only to mitigate the menace of mosquito and effectively prevent malaria like diseases. Unfortunately, most of these vectors control measurement the time limited prevention of diseases. For example, they were used as an insecticide, but insecticide resistant mosquito vectors are developed in course of time. Major efforts may be focused on generating eco-friendly alternatives. In current scenario there are many potential alternatives for eradicating and controlling the mosquito vectors biologically. Effective use of aquatic insect predators, larvivorous fishes, symbiotic bacteria, microbial agent and entopathogenic fungi for this purpose are still rather unexplored calling for further research. Biological control of mosquito vectors has been validated for several advantages over insecticides. To resolve the problem of current dependence on insecticidal-based mosquito elimination the option of biological control of this vector is ecofriendly and sustainable. The current knowledge of bio-controlling agents highlighting its significance in the field of public health with respective have been reviewed in this article along with the prospective challenges and opportunities.