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International Journal of Mosquito Research
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International Journal of Mosquito Research
Vol. 9, Issue 4, Part A (2022)

Production, design, and evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis serov. israelensis formulations against Aedes aegypti larvae

Author(s): Gabriela Fernández Peña, María Guadalupe Maldonado Blanco, Ariadna Rodríguez Castro, María del Socorro Flores-González, Myriam Elias-Santos, Ma. Guadalupe Rojas-Verde and Luis Jesús Galán-Wong
Abstract: Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) was cultured on three culture media: a reference medium and two new media. Then, spore-crystal complexes were recovered and evaluated against Aedes aegypti larvae. After two formulations, tablets and granulates, were prepared, then irradiated with ultraviolet light and evaluated for larval mortality and residual activities. The most toxic extract was obtained in soluble medium 1 showing the lowest LC50 of 0.3748 mg/L. When Bti extract was formulated and tested in the laboratory, the granulated formulations, presented approximately 90%–100% mortality, during the first 3 days post-application, whereas tablets showed <60% mortality. At 14 days post application, only granulates 2 and 3 showed >40%, whereas unformulated extract presented 22% mortality. The formulations showed reduced mortality of 5%–12% (tablets) and granular (6%-11%) after 72 hours of exposure to UV light; otherwise, reductions in the unformulated Bti extract were higher (32%).
Pages: 25-31  |  6 Views  2 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Gabriela Fernández Peña, María Guadalupe Maldonado Blanco, Ariadna Rodríguez Castro, María del Socorro Flores-González, Myriam Elias-Santos, Ma. Guadalupe Rojas-Verde, Luis Jesús Galán-Wong. Production, design, and evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis serov. israelensis formulations against Aedes aegypti larvae. Int J Mosq Res 2022;9(4):25-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/23487941.2022.v9.i4a.619
International Journal of Mosquito Research