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International Journal of Mosquito Research
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International Journal of Mosquito Research
Vol. 8, Issue 6, Part A (2021)

Larvicidal potential of certain plant extracts of the family Lamiaceae against Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Author(s): Kilimas Rajan, Ananthakumar Archana and Sathiyanarayanan Anusuya
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to check and compare the virtue of plant extracts in relation to larvicidal activities against Anopheles subpictus. The lethality and toxicity of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum basilicum, Leucas aspera and Coleus amboinicus to early 4th instar larvae of A. subpictus were determined in the laboratory. All plant extracts of Lamiaceae showed moderate effect against the larvae of A. subpictus after 24 hours exposure as evidenced by low lethal concentration and lethal time and the lethality varied in larvae and the crude plant extracts. The mortality rate was recorded after 24 hours of exposure and LC50 was determined. Larval mortality between 80% and 92% was observed in methanolic extract and 60-85% in aqueous extracts of selected plant species. The highest larvicidal activity against A. subpictus was obtained with methanol extract of O. sanctum. The present findings have paramount implications in the practical control of mosquito larvae and adults in the aquatic ecosystem as the medicinal plants studied are routinely accessible in enormous quantities. These plant extracts are easy to prepare, inexpensive, and safe for mosquito control which might be used directly as larvicidal agents in small dimension aquatic habitats or breeding sites around human dwellings.
Pages: 35-42  |  240 Views  24 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Kilimas Rajan, Ananthakumar Archana, Sathiyanarayanan Anusuya. Larvicidal potential of certain plant extracts of the family Lamiaceae against Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Int J Mosq Res 2021;8(6):35-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/23487941.2021.v8.i6a.570
International Journal of Mosquito Research