The study was done to determine malaria prevention and treatment practices among care-givers of under-fives in urban slums South-East Nigeria.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study involving 145 care-givers of under-fives recruited via multistage sampling method using a semi-structured questionnaire in selected urban slums of Enugu north LGA of Enugu state.
Results: The prevalence of Malaria prevention and treatment practice was 19.3% and 17% respectively. Association between the age group of the under-five and the malaria prevention practice was (p=0.034) while the associations between the age of care-givers’ spouse, educational level of caregivers’ spouse and malaria treatment practice in under five was also statistically significant with p-values of 0.003 and 0.047 respectively.
Conclusion: Malaria prevention and treatment practice among care-givers of the under-fives was low. Hence, the need for the government, non-governmental organizations and health care workers to collaborate so as to improve malaria outcome in the Nigeria society.