Mosquitoes transmit a range of infectious agents that affects human health, Malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever and other mosquito-borne disease infect countless individuals and accounts for thousands of deaths annually, causing a large burden to public health and on the economic process of developing countries. At present, concerning 40% of the world’s populations mainly in India live in areas where the chance of dengue fever transmission is most.
Controlling such diseases is extremely difficult due to the higher reproduction rate and development of mosquitoes that are resistant to insecticides and commercially available repellents. Chemical mosquito repellents contain toxic synthetic pyrethroids as active ingredients whose exposure to food and water is hazardous to health. Cow dung places a major role since time immemorial and it is considered as a third important services rendered by animals. Dung is utilized as bio fertilizer, cheap fuel and insect repellent.
The Cow dung is waste material and completely free. It is great business strategy to use the waste in to a valuable product. Many plants have evolved aromas that repel mosquitoes and other herbivores. In present study, an attempt has been made to develop an eco-friendly dhoop sticks containing Cow urine (Gomutra), cow dung, Plant material: Leaves of Neem (Azadirachta indica), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Rui (Calotropis gigantea), Durva grass (Cynodon dactylon), Ashoka (Saraca asoca),by using this material, ‘dhoop stick’, ‘extract cards’ etc. were prepared and their anti-mosquito activity was determined. The burning of these aids not only controlled mosquitoes but also reduced air micro flora from surrounding area.