Comparative study of gender based larvicidal potency of Punitus ambassis, Ompak bimaculatus, Chana murulius and, Heteropneustes fossalis native fish species of Gwalior (M.P): A laboratory examination
Author(s): Mohammad Ishfaq Wani and Sarita Shrivastava
Abstract: From the 1900 centaury, mosquito control has become a point of focus in scientific communities epically health-providing units. All most all, tropical and sub-tropical countries have to face mosquito-borne ailments and infectious diseases every year like dengue fever, malaria, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, skin irritation, etc. To overcome the vectors of these dreadful diseases at the source level various chemical methods have been employed so for but have certain environmental issues. Biological control is the best alternative, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method for mosquito control at the source level. The present study is focused on using some common native fish species of Gwalior (M.P) as a predator of mosquito larvae. All Predation experiments were conducted against mosquito larvae, pupae, and alternative food (aquatic insects) at varying pray densities in separate aquariums containing analyzed pond waters of Jal-vihar and fish form of Gwalior (M.P). The time duration of each predation experiment is three days, and in each day, fishes were fed with mosquito larvae, pupae, and alternative food at varying densities at different time intervals of the experimental day. The study revealed that Larvae consummation was positively related to the small fish species having female gender and prefers mostly small prey as food. Thus, small-sized female fish species possess greater predation efficacy on mosquito larvae and the sequence of larvicidal potency of female fish species was noted in the present study is Punitus ambassis>Ompak bimaculatus> Chana murulius> Heteropneustes fossalis. As per the results of our study, it is predicted that females have a greater value of larvicidal potency than that of males. Thus, female gender plays an important and positive role in mosquito biocontrol at the source level.
How to cite this article:
Mohammad Ishfaq Wani, Sarita Shrivastava. Comparative study of gender based larvicidal potency of Punitus ambassis, Ompak bimaculatus, Chana murulius and, Heteropneustes fossalis native fish species of Gwalior (M.P): A laboratory examination. Int J Mosq Res 2021;8(1):51-57.