Evaluation of change in hematological parameters and epidemiological identification of dengue virus infection at district Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Author(s): Ihteshamul Haq, Fazli Zahir, Aziz ur Rehaman, Noor Ullah, Jabir Khan, Siraj Ahmad, Waseem Sajjad, Abid Ur Rehman, Wajid Ali, zesshan Qamar, Noman, Izaz Ali and Younas Khan
The current study was performed to assess the Hematological aspects of dengue infected patients during 2018 at District Peshawar, KP Pakistan. It was done using serological tests to screen the infected patients for dengue. Patients who visited two main health centers (Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar and Lady reading Hospital, Peshawar) of District Peshawar were taken into consideration for the study.
Methodology: During 2019, a total of 1537 visited these hospitals. Blood samples from the patients at pathology laboratory. Record of the patients was noted at the hospital. The data was taken from these registers for the span of 5 months (August to December). A separate form was used to notice the gender and history of the individuals. The blood samples collected were screened for Dengue infection with the help of BIOLINE Dengue NS 1 Ag + AB Combo Test.
Results: A total of 1537 blood samples were screened. Among them 449 were found positive for dengue fever whose acquired percentage was (37.27%), while 887 (59.60%) samples were determined with the negative outcome. With respects to patient’s age groups, there were 269 patients found positive with Dengue infection ages of 16 to 334 years with a percentage of ((47.71%) which constitutes the majority of majority dengue infected patients. And individuals having age from one day to 14 years, there were 152 (28.27%) patients found with Dengue infection, which is the second highest number of individuals suffering dengue fever. Among the people in the ages of 36 to 60 years, 129 (23.23%) members showed a positive outcome for the infection. In the month wise estimation of the Dengue severity in the patients, a major outbreak was identified in September and October because of the rainy and post rainy season. During the month of August, only 88 (15.73%) patients were identified positive. In the month of September, 199 patients with (35.54%) percentage appeared with Dengue infection which is highest in the recorded study followed by 179 patients found positive in October with a percentage of 31.32%.In November. 204(34.32%) members were identified positive for by Dengue fever. And in the last month December, the total outbreak was (3.32%) with only 16 positive cases.
Conclusion: The prevalence of dengue outbreak in 2019 showed the increase rate in Dengue infection due to lack of awareness in individual and also the lack of proper health system. It emphasizes a strict need of Government attention, enactment and a strong policy constitution for the prevention of Dengue infection. Approaches including biological, environmental, medicinal, as well as the educational awareness should be taken to overcome the infection. There is also a need of making teams for investigating the real cause fact (What it mean?) and impacts of the dengue fever on the people, environment, intensions and traditions in different regions of the District.
How to cite this article:
Ihteshamul Haq, Fazli Zahir, Aziz ur Rehaman, Noor Ullah, Jabir Khan, Siraj Ahmad, Waseem Sajjad, Abid Ur Rehman, Wajid Ali, zesshan Qamar, Noman, Izaz Ali, Younas Khan. Evaluation of change in hematological parameters and epidemiological identification of dengue virus infection at district Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Int J Mosq Res 2021;8(1):11-18.