Vol. 7, Issue 2, Part A (2020)
An overview of natural history of the human malaria
Author(s): Deepak Rawal
Abstract: Malaria has troubled humans for thousands of years. Disease resembling malaria has been described for more than 5000 years. Malaria is currently endemic in more than 100 tropical and subtropical countries. The etymology of malaria is derived from mal aria means bad air in medieval Italian. This is because ancient Romans thought that malaria came from fumes in the swamps. Over 25 distinct species of Plasmodium are identified for transmission of malaria in primates but only four species of Plasmodium are responsible for human malaria viz. Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium vivax. Sometimes humans may infect with Plasmodium knowlesi (also called traveler’s malaria or monkey malaria) that normally infect animals. Plasmodium knowlesi is prevalent in Southeast Asia, especially Malaysia. Out of which malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum (also called cerebral malaria) is prevalent in tropical and subtropical countries and is most fatal. By study natural history of human malaria we can learn that, work of some pioneers help the human race to survive this deadly disease in therapeutic way otherwise nature would had given natural selective protection to humans by providing some genetic alterations and current world scenario would be different.
How to cite this article:
Deepak Rawal. An overview of natural history of the human malaria. Int J Mosq Res 2020;7(2):08-10.