Dengue virus epidemics: A recent report of 2017 from district Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan
Author(s): Faheem Anwar, Sohail Ahmad, Mohammad Haroon, Ihtesham Ul Haq, Habib Ullah Khan, Jawad Khan, Sabih Ullah and Iftikhar Ali Shah
Abstract: Dengue is a key vector-borne viral disease throughout the entire regions of the world. It is a human disease. Dengue transmits from one person to another person by biting of two types of mosquito female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. This study intended to find out the current problem of dengue virus infection during the recent prevalence in 2017 in Mardan. The patients of dengue virus infection belong to the different parts of district Mardan which were admitted in Mardan Medical Complex (MMC). The patients of dengue were cured in an isolated ward. Number of total patients infected by dengue were 1978 in 9 months’ duration (February 2017 to October 2017). The suspected patients were screened for the infection through a technique called immune chromatographic technique (ICT). The ICT were coated by recombinant NS1 antigen and both the antibodies IgG and IgM. Total of 302 patients were found positive for dengue IgG, IgM or both IgG and IgM, NS1, NS1+IgG, NS1+IgM, NS1+IgG+Ig. The infection ratio of dengue in males (208) were higher than female (94). Infection rate was found greater in the age range from 15 to 35 years of age (47.01). The patients were suffering from severe fever (98.3%), Abdominal pain (57%), Nose bleeding (51%), Skin rash (17%), Vomiting (53%), Gum bleeding (29%), Hematemesis (34%) headache and Fatigue. The infection of dengue virus is lesser in Mardan as compare to other regions of KPK, Pakistan in 2017. The outcomes of our findings show that the ratio of prevalence is higher in male as compare to that of female in the recent outbreaks.
How to cite this article:
Faheem Anwar, Sohail Ahmad, Mohammad Haroon, Ihtesham Ul Haq, Habib Ullah Khan, Jawad Khan, Sabih Ullah, Iftikhar Ali Shah. Dengue virus epidemics: A recent report of 2017 from district Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. Int J Mosq Res 2019;6(1):46-49.