The current study revealed the presence of Plasmodium sp. in Anopheline female mosquitoes which were collected indoor from different areas in Baghdad city, this result proved that malaria is still in Baghdad in two area: Al Ameria (in the west) and Al Geraiat (in the north); While other nine areas were negative. In our study, nearly most of the phases of life cycle were appeared in gut and salivary of mosquitoes as well as Sporozoites, Gametocyte and Sporogony; these phases findings revealed to the parasites which dormant in mosquitoes (hypnozoites) that are the only hidden parasites obstacle to malaria eradication.
The current finding revealed to predictions of retransmission of malaria in Baghdad is probability at any time. This data can update the information system surveillance and strategies into the national program of malaria elimination.