Evaluation of the larvicidal potential of Calotropis procera plant extract against Culex pipiens
Author(s): Syed Ishtiaq Anjum, Sabir Hussain, Mohammad Attaullah, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Baharullah Khattak and Hatem Fouad
Abstract: The aim of the present research work was to evaluate the larvicidal potential of the plant extract of Calotropis procera against the 4th instar larvae of the Culex pipiens. In the present study, it was observed that mortality of the larvae was directly proportional to the dose and time period of exposure. The larvae were treated for 24, 48 and 72 hours with concentrations of 1%, 0.5%, 0.25% and 0.125% with doses of the C. procera extract of 1ml, 0.5ml, 0.25ml and 0.125ml. The rates of mortalities showed that extract of C. procera can be effectively used for the control of mosquitoes and other insect species. No larvae survived at 1% of latex for 72 hours of treatment. The results revealed that extract of C. procera is a potent and efficient botanical pesticide, environment friendly and easily available so it can be effectively utilized for the control of various insect species. This will help to prevent the biodiversity from the side effects of chemical control measures. We recommend that chemical control measures for insects and other pests should be replaced with botanical and biological control measures for the protection of biodiversity.
Mean percent mortalities after 72 hours of treatment of C. pipiens
larvae with different concentrations (%) and doses (ml) of latex (C. procera
How to cite this article:
Syed Ishtiaq Anjum, Sabir Hussain, Mohammad Attaullah, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Baharullah Khattak, Hatem Fouad. Evaluation of the larvicidal potential of Calotropis procera plant extract against Culex pipiens. Int J Mosq Res 2016;3(6):01-05.