Mosquito diversity and vector species status in and around Nagpur city of Maharashtra state, India
Author(s): Sanjay Karlekar, Raymond Andrew
Abstract: The present study gives an overview of data on the biodiversity of mosquitoes and vector species status occurring at 13 sites in and around Nagpur city of Maharashtra state, India. This study carried out from January 2011 to December 2013. A total of 4018 adults and 27108 larvae were collected. Collected larvae were reared until adult immergence. The mosquito fauna belong to five genera (Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Armigeres and Mansonia) and nineteen species. Anopheles genus contributed eight species, Culex five, Aedes three, Armigeres two and Mansonia only one species. The highest population of Cx. quinquefasciatus (24.1%) followed by Ar. subalbatus (12.1%), An. subpictus (10.7%) and eight known vector species identified. Cx. quinquefasciatus the lymphatic filaria vector was found to be the more prevalent vector species in all areas of the city and surrounding villages. The mosquito species diversity (H) in winter 2.472 was significantly higher than rainy 2.398 and summer 2.008 seasons, while total number of individuals in rainy season was significantly higher than winter and summer. The paper indicates the importance of abiotic factors on mosquito dynamics which can be used as early warning indicators for the policy makers of mosquito vector borne disease control programme.
How to cite this article:
Sanjay Karlekar, Raymond Andrew. Mosquito diversity and vector species status in and around Nagpur city of Maharashtra state, India. Int J Mosq Res 2015;2(2):19-23.