"International Journal of Mosquito Research"

Vol-1, Issue-1

Bionomics and vector potential of Anopheles subpictus as a malaria vector in India: An overview

Raj Kumar Singh, Gaurav Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Mittal, Ramesh Chand Dhiman

Anopheles subpictus has been recognised as an important vector of malaria in Sri Lanka and some other countries like Malaysia and Maldives. It has been found to play an important role in malaria transmission as a secondary vector in certain parts of Odisha and coastal areas of south India. An. subpictus is a widely distributed mosquito species that breeds in a variety of fresh as well as saline water habitats. The species is a complex of four sibling species provisionally designated as: sibling species A, B, C and D, but the role of these sibling species in malaria transmission is not clearly known. As there is limited research work available on this species in India, it was thought prudent to review the bionomics and the role of An. subpictus in malaria transmission in Indian context.  Further studies are required on the bionomics of An. subpictus and its role in malaria transmission in other parts of the country under the influence of changing ecological conditions.

Fig: Reported distribution of An. subpictus in India.

Fig: Reported distribution of An. subpictus in India

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