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International Journal of Mosquito Research
Vol. 6, Issue 4, Part A (2019)
Study and comparison of mosquito (Diptera) aminopeptidase N protein with other order of insects
Author(s): Renu Jakhar and SK Gakhar
Abstract: The Aminopeptidase N group of exopeptidases are abundant proteins on the midgut brush border of mosquitoes. It belongs to a group of membrane-bound zinc metalloproteases. It is a ubiquitous enzyme that is found in a wide range of organisms from insects to mammals. Studies carried out on mosquitoes APNs are proteolytic enzymes that are involved in a wide range of functions, including digestion, involved in defense responses receptors for Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry1 insecticidal toxins and very important to play a role in parasite-vector interactions. Mosquito based Malaria Transmission Blocking Vaccines (TBV) target midgut surface antigens of Anopheles mosquitoes, the obligate vector of malaria parasite. Aminopeptidase N 1 is one of the most potent immunogenic protein involved in parasite infection and development in mosquitoes.
How to cite this article:
Renu Jakhar and SK Gakhar. Study and comparison of mosquito (Diptera) aminopeptidase N protein with other order of insects. International Journal of Mosquito Research. 2019; 6(4): 57-62.