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International Journal of Mosquito Research
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International Journal of Mosquito Research
Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2019)

Current sensitivity status of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) (Culicidae) to DDT and pyrethroids in two agricultural sites of Mouila, Gabon

Author(s): Aubin Armel Koumba, Christophe Roland Zinga-Koumba, Rodrigue Mintsa Nguema, Pearl Comlan, Ghislaine Nkone Asseko, Abdou Razack Safiou, Marie-Pascale Gneingui, Guillaume Koffivi Ketoh, Luc Salako Djogbenou and Jacques François Mavoungou
Abstract: The present study was conducted during the rainy season of 2017 in Mboukou and Moutassou, two palm oil concessions located in the suburbs of Mouila city. It aimed at determining the susceptibility status of Anopheles gambiae s.l. to organochlorines and pyrethroids. The larvae and pupae of An. gambiae s.l. were collected from different breeding sites by the dipping method and reared to the adult stage in the field laboratory. The adult females were exposed to various insecticides: Organochlorine (DDT 4%) and Pyrethroids (Permethrin 0.75%, 3.75% and 7.75%; Deltamethrin 0.05%, 0.25% and 0.50%; Lambdacyhalothrin 0.05%, 0.25% and 0.50%). The sensitivity of An. gambiae s.l. populations to insecticides was assessed following WHO protocol. All tested mosquitoes were identified by PCR method. An. gambiae s.s. and An. coluzzii were the only anopheline species identified in all the prospected sites. The results of the susceptibility tests revealed that the malaria vectors of the surveyed sites were susceptible or resistant to the tested insecticides depending on the type and the dose of insecticide. These Anopheles were resistant to DDT 4% and low doses of pyrethroids (Permethrin 0.75%, Deltamethrin 0.05%, Lambdacyhalothrin 0.05%). But they were sensitive to all pyrethroids at high doses (98 to 100% mortality).
Geographical location of the study sites
Fig.: Geographical location of the study sites
Pages: 12-18  |  458 Views  29 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Aubin Armel Koumba, Christophe Roland Zinga-Koumba, Rodrigue Mintsa Nguema, Pearl Comlan, Ghislaine Nkone Asseko, Abdou Razack Safiou, Marie-Pascale Gneingui, Guillaume Koffivi Ketoh, Luc Salako Djogbenou and Jacques François Mavoungou. Current sensitivity status of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) (Culicidae) to DDT and pyrethroids in two agricultural sites of Mouila, Gabon. International Journal of Mosquito Research. 2019; 6(1): 12-18.
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