Vol. 4, Issue 5, Part A (2017)
Mapping of anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in EnNuhud Town, West Kordofan state, Sudan
Author(s): Mohammed IM Ali, Nabil HH Bashir and Samira H Abd Elrahman
Abstract: Climatic changes, especially rainfall, affect the distribution and densities of mosquitoes. This study was carried out to determine mosquito species composition and mosquito density, in addition to describing mosquito aquatic habitats in EnNuhud Town, capital of West Kordofan State, Sudan. A cross-sectional survey of Anopheline mosquito larval habitats was conducted in EnNahud Town (8 blocks/ sentinel sites) during July 2014 to June 2015. Larvae were collected using the standard dipping technique; while adults were collected using pyrethrum-sprayed sheet method. The habitats observed were broken pipes, bricks traditional factories (Kaminas), pools and swamps formed after rainfall. A total of 2,482 Anopheline mosquito larvae were collected. Of these, 2,449 (98.7%) were morphologically identified as Anopheles gambiae s.l, 33 (1.3%) as A. rufipes. A. arabiensis was found in all blocks. While A. rufipes, was found in one block (Algady block). The high mosquito larval densities indicated that EnNahud Town inhabitants are at risk of mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria. Therefore, malaria control program targeting both the immatures and adults should be enhanced, especially during the rainy-season.
How to cite this article:
Mohammed IM Ali, Nabil HH Bashir and Samira H Abd Elrahman. Mapping of anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in EnNuhud Town, West Kordofan state, Sudan. 2017; 4(5): 01-06.